Vladimir was founded in 1108. One of the oldest Russian cities, one of the best-preserved amongst other cities of the Golden Ring, was founded by the Russian Prince Vladimir Monomakh on the banks of the Kliazma river. Vladimir has a lot of ancient monuments to be proud of. The first striking monument is the Golden Gate (1164) which was only the ceremonial gate of the city, but one of the important fortifications. Behind the Golden Gate, Vladimir rises on a semicircular hill on the riverside. Assumption cathedral (1161) was build as one domed church in 1161 but was enlarged in 1189.